Monday, June 9, 2008

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ARCAMAX June 9, 2008

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Home and Consumer
For Flo
Monday June 9, 2008

• CPSC: Master Toys & Novelties Inc. Recalls Little Rider Toys Due to Violation of Lead Paint Standard
• Stay Out of the Supermarket and Save
• Spring Gardening Guide



CPSC: Master Toys & Novelties Inc. Recalls Little Rider Toys Due to Violation of Lead Paint Standard

CPSC
WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, in cooperation with the firm named below, today announced a voluntary recall of the following consumer product. Consumers should stop using recalled products immediately unless otherwise instructed.

Name of Product: Cowboy on a Horse Little Rider Toys

Units: About 6,000

Importer: Master Toys & Novelties Inc., of Los Angeles, Calif.

Hazard: Surface paint on the shoe and pants of the rider toy contains excessive levels of lead, violating the federal lead paint standard.

Incidents/Injuries: None reported.

Description: This recall includes a battery operated cowboy riding a horse toy. The model number 8610B is located on the product packaging. The horse and rider together measure about 8.5 inches in height by 7.5 inches in length. The rider is wearing blue pants and a red shirt and the horse is brown. Only Little Rider Toys with UPC code 603678086101 printed on the product packaging are included in the recall.

Sold at: Dollar and discount stores nationwide from April 2007 through January 2008 for between $5 and $7.

Manufactured in: China

Remedy: Consumers should immediately take these recalled toys away from children and return it to the store where purchased for a full refund.

Consumer Contact: For additional information, contact Master Toys & Novelties Inc. at (800) 237-5020 between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. PT, Monday through Friday or visit the firm's Website at www.mastertoys.com

To see this recall on CPSC's web site, including pictures of the recalled product, please go to: http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/prerel/prhtml08/08272.html


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Stay Out of the Supermarket and Save

Mary Hunt
It hasn't happened overnight, but gradually I am weaning myself from thinking of my supermarket as my primary source for groceries. With food costs going up so dramatically, the supermarket has become my last resort, not the first stop. You should see the nice produce at my local dollar store. Milk is cheaper at the gas station mini-mart, and cereal is a fraction of the supermarket price at Target. An ethnic market, where available, is a good source for cheap spices. And today's first reader tip suggests another option.

FRESH SPICES CHEAP. Spices are expensive, and they don't keep forever. A new recipe I wanted to try sent me looking for ground cloves, but I could not bring myself to pay $6 for cloves for one recipe. So I went to a specialty store that sells bulk items and spices and purchased two tablespoons of fresh ground cloves for 30 cents. -- Terri, e-mail

TRANSPORT GOODIES. When you need to transport a plate of cookies, brownies or other goodies, make the paper plate more stable by putting plastic wrap over the goodies and extending the wrap over the edges of the plate. Then put another paper plate of the same size under the first plate, holding the plastic wrap edges in place. Your goodies are much less likely to fall off the plate this way. -- Mary Beth, e-mail

YOGURT SUB. I use plain low-fat yogurt to thin out certain ingredients, which not only makes the dish healthier but also stretches the product. It's so versatile. Almost anything that calls for mayonnaise can be stretched proportionally by a quarter or a half with yogurt. You also can add yogurt in the same proportions to sour cream, which is wonderful for dips, ranch dressing, casseroles and soups. -- Jenn, e-mail

CAMERA CASE. I bought a compact digital camera, and I wanted to carry it in my purse. I discovered that my camera fits perfectly into a plastic travel container for soap -- and it only cost a dollar. The container has a hard shell, so my camera is well-protected. The case takes up very little room in my purse. -- Naomi L., e-mail

FRESH GARLIC POWDER. Add a few grains of long cooking rice (uncooked) to your container of garlic powder, and the rice will absorb the moisture and prevent the powder from getting hard. -- Katy W., e-mail

LEATHER SEAT CLEANER. I have leather seats in my car, and I clean them with Dove beauty bars. I take a wet washcloth, apply the Dove and then rub the cloth over the leather. Next I gently rinse off the Dove and buff the leather. Test it in an inconspicuous place first, just to make sure. -- Sue D., e-mail

========

Would you like to send a tip to Mary? You can e-mail her at mary@everydaycheapskate.com, or write to Everyday Cheapskate, P.O. Box 2135, Paramount, CA 90723. Mary Hunt is the founder of DebtProofLiving.com and author of 17 books, including "Debt-Proof Living" and "Tiptionary 2." To find out more about Mary and read her past columns, please visit the Creators Syndicate Web page at www.creators.com.


Copyright 2008 Creators Syndicate Inc.

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Spring Gardening Guide

Summer is here, and everyone's gardens are in bloom -- so catch ArcaMax's Spring Gardening Guide before it's gone!

Now is the best time for last-minute tips on everything from pest control to unique gardening styles. You can also find free recipes using herbs from the garden to save and use all summer long!

To keep receiving gardening tips and creative ideas for the yard all year, sign up for the free ArcaMax Gardening ezine. You can also still submit photos to the gardening photo gallery to show off your most beautiful plants and flowers.

Visit the Spring Gardening Guide

Subscribe to ArcaMax Gardening instantly.

Find out more before subscribing.

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Health and Fitness
For Flo
Monday June 9, 2008

• Food imports prone to unsanitary practices
• Concord grape juice may help aging memory
• Worker attitude affects food safety
• Hay fever hurts nasal passage function
• Spring Gardening Guide


Food imports prone to unsanitary practices

GRIFFIN, Ga. (UPI) -- Sanitation for food production is not uniform worldwide and food imported into the United States may put some at risk, a researcher warns.

Michael Doyle of the University of Georgia said U.S. food imports are putting many at greater risk of food-borne disease because many countries do not have the same U.S. sanitary standards.

"Approximately 15 percent of food consumed in the United States in 2006 was imported -- mainly fresh produce, tree nuts, fish and shellfish," Doyle said in a statement. "Importing foods can move diseases from areas to locations where they do not exist."

More than 80 percent of fish and seafood consumed in the United States is imported, much of it from Asia where raw domestic sewage and/or livestock manure frequently are used in fish farming, Doyle said.

In China, crops and seafood typically are grown on small parcels where farmers often use excessive amounts of pesticides for produce and antibiotics for fish and shrimp production -- practices not approved for use in the United States. Untreated human waste and animal manure are often used to treat soils or aquaculture ponds, said Doyle, who spoke at the 108th general meeting of the American Society for Microbiology in Boston.


Copyright 2008 by United Press International

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Concord grape juice may help aging memory

CONCORD, Mass. (UPI) -- A pilot study suggests drinking Concord grape juice may benefit older adults dealing with early memory decline, a University of Cincinnati researcher says.

Robert Krikorian of UC's College of Medicine says the placebo-controlled human study investigated whether regular consumption of polyphenol-rich food or beverage could have beneficial effects against age-related cognitive decline.

The study involved 12 adults with early memory decline. Participants drank a total of 15 to 21 ounces, depending on body weight, of either Concord grape juice or placebo daily, divided among meals, for a 12-week period.

The beverages were equal in calorie and sugar content, but only the Concord grape juice contained natural polyphenolic compounds, which have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, Krikorian says.

Participants who drank the Concord grape juice showed significant improvement in list learning and trends suggests improved short-term retention and spatial memory, the study says.

The findings were presented at the 38th annual scientific meeting of the American Aging Society in Boulder, Colo.


Copyright 2008 by United Press International

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Worker attitude affects food safety

MANHATTAN, Kan. (UPI) -- Food service workers' attitudes toward safety practices have a direct effect on food-borne illnesses in restaurants, U.S. researchers say.

Researchers from Kansas State University surveyed 190 food service employees in 31 restaurants across three Midwestern states on their knowledge of, and attitude toward, three food safety measures that have the most substantial impact on public health: hand washing, using thermometers and proper handling of food contact surfaces. Only employees whose jobs directly involved food preparation tasks participated.

The study, published in The Journal of the American Dietetic Association, said that providing workers with training that does not target their attitudes may not improve food safety results.

"While emphasis should be placed on training, it is also important to educate employees regarding positive outcomes of food safety such as decreasing patrons' risk of food-borne illness, reducing the spread of microorganisms and keeping the work environment clean," the researchers said in a statement.


Copyright 2008 by United Press International

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Hay fever hurts nasal passage function

GENOA, Italy (UPI) -- Italian researchers suggest that those suffering from hay fever -- allergic rhinitis -- will over time experience worsening of nasal passage functioning.

Study authors Drs. Giorgio Ciprandi, Ignazio Cirillo, Angela Pistorio and Stefania LaGrutta, of the San Martino Hospital, in Genoa, Italy, determined 72 percent of those with longer bouts of hay fever -- on average nine years -- had "severe" nasal obstruction.

In 100 patients -- 50 percent with short-term rhinitis and 50 with long-term rhinitis -- those with longer bouts had significantly lower airflow in their nasal passages, the researchers said.

Allergic rhinitis occurs when the body's immune system over-responds to specific, non-infectious particles such as plant pollens, molds, dust mites, or animal hair. The response causes skin redness and swollen membranes in the nasal passages, combined with sneezing and congestion. It is estimated that between 10 and 20 percent of the U.S. population suffers from hay fever, and that hay fever accounts for approximately 2 percent of all visits to a doctor's office.

The findings were published in Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery.


Copyright 2008 by United Press International

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Spring Gardening Guide

Summer is here, and everyone's gardens are in bloom -- so catch ArcaMax's Spring Gardening Guide before it's gone!

Now is the best time for last-minute tips on everything from pest control to unique gardening styles. You can also find free recipes using herbs from the garden to save and use all summer long!

To keep receiving gardening tips and creative ideas for the yard all year, sign up for the free ArcaMax Gardening ezine. You can also still submit photos to the gardening photo gallery to show off your most beautiful plants and flowers.

Visit the Spring Gardening Guide

Subscribe to ArcaMax Gardening instantly.

Find out more before subscribing.

-- From the ArcaMax editors







Recent Stories

Your Health: Licorice Root Extract Eases Canker Sore Suffering, Speeds Healing
Lifelong Health: Age-Related Osteoporosis Weakens Men's Bones, Too
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Fax: (757) 596-9731
ArcaMax Publishing is a leading publisher of family-friendly newsletters, featuring popular comics, games, feature columns and books by email. Thank you for reading the "Health and Fitness" newsletter. You are subscribed with the following email address: ftcua8@comcast.net.

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Sunday, June 8, 2008

Shroud of Turin continue

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4210369.stm

Shroud of Turin

http://www.shroud.com/

http://www.delayedreaction.com/

Biomonitoring and Cancer Incidence

http://web.ead.anl.gov/ecorisk/related/documents/FinalBiomonitoringGuideNov2007.pdf

http://www.insc.anl.gov/neisb/neisb5/neisb5.pdf

http://web.ead.anl.gov/uranium/pdf/PAD-AppF.pdf

http://search.doe.gov/search?access=p&entqr=0&sort=date%3AD%3AL%3Ad1&output=xml_no_dtd&ie=UTF-8&client=default_frontend&q=epidemiological+studies+of+cancer+incidence+in+the+US+Federal+Labs&ud=1&y=6&y=5&oe=UTF-8&proxystylesheet=default_frontend&ip=71.59.81.16&x=14&x=15&start=0

Elemental Analysis for Ceramic Tang Horse

http://www.ischool.utexas.edu/~anagpic/2006pdf/2006ANAGPIC_Senge.pdf

2008 Sichuan Earthquake

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008_Sichuan_earthquake

Saturday, June 7, 2008

Skunk Smell

http://www.helium.com/items/839776-best-ways-to-get-rid-of-skunk-smell

the skunk smell is ethyl and methyl mercaptan

do not bring skunk and other foul smelling whatever home or to your homeland; leave them where they are

Aveeno has lilac, chamomile and lavender.

What is in parfum?

i do not think the garbageman that wears cologne and gloves are excused from bathing and the asbestos workers should change their clothes that they wore at work to clean clothes before they hug wife and chlld(ren) and not smoke or drink to excess.

Wednesday, June 4, 2008

Policy Statement on Food and Energy

Begin forwarded message:
From: "kgma_news"
Date: June 4, 2008 11:28:30 PM EDT
To: kgma@yahoogroups.com
Subject: [kgma] PGMA creates food, energy council
Reply-To: kgma@yahoogroups.com

To ensure that the government is well-prepared to face future
challenges in the energy and food fronts, President Gloria
Macapagal–Arroyo has created a top-level body that will formulate
programs and strategies that will assure adequate food and energy
supply for the country over the next five years.

Executive Order (EO) 728 creating the National Food and Energy Council
(NFEC) was signed last Monday by the President.

"The NFEC is tasked with assessing the food and energy situation and
prospects, and formulating, coordinating, undertaking, monitoring
and/or adjusting major national long-term policies, programs and
project as measures to ensure adequate, competitively priced supplies
of food and energy for the nation, especially the very poor," the EO
stated.

The President will chair the NFEC, with the secretary of the National
Economic Development Authority (NEDA) as vice chair.

The other members of the NFEC are the secretaries of the Department of
Agriculture (DA), Department of Environment and Natural Resources
(DENR), Department of Energy (DOE), and the heads of the National
Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC), National Security Council (NSC),
National Power Corp. (NPC), and National Food Authority (NFA) as members.

The EO also encourages legislators and other sectoral groups and
non-government organizations to join the council either as full
members or observers.

The NFEC shall advise the President if and when the exercise of
emergency powers would be required to address food and energy problems.

Under the EO 728, National Council on Climate Change is absorbed by
the NFEC since the NCCC also discusses similar issues as the NFEC.

__._,_.___
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EERE

Some of you, especially those involve in building construction, maybe interested in the articles below. As these years theme would say, "Go Green". (once again, courtesy of Dr. Florence T. Cua)



Elbert R. Regacho, P.E.

Electrical Engineer

Technical Services Branch

GSA-PBS-5PCT

Phone: (312) 353-7504

Fax: (312) 353-9628
----- Forwarded by Elbert R. Regacho/5PCT/R05/GSA/GOV on 06/04/2008 04:11 PM -----

A weekly newsletter from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). The EERE Network News is also available on the Web at: www.eere.energy.gov/news/enn.cfm
May 07, 2008
News and Events

DOE Helps Greensburg, Kansas, Rebuild as a Wind-Powered City
DOE Offers $60 Million for Concentrating Solar Power Research
DOE Offers $7.5 Million for Advanced Water Power Technologies
Ohio Requires 25% Renewable or Advanced Energy by 2025
Long Island Utility Calls for 50 Megawatts of Solar Power
New Jersey Utility Offers $105 Million in Solar Loans
Energy Connections
Record Oil Prices Spur More Increases in Projected Energy Costs
News and EventsDOE Helps Greensburg, Kansas, Rebuild as a Wind-Powered City


When BNIM Architects designed this new school for Greensburg, DOE provided technical advice about the use of solar electric systems, daylighting, and other energy efficiency and renewable energy features.
Credit: BNIM Architects

DOE's work with the city of Greensburg, Kansas, over the past year is bearing fruit, as the city is now rebuilding with a new emphasis on energy efficient buildings and renewable energy, particularly wind energy. Greensburg was devastated by a tornado on May 4, 2007, after which the city announced its plans to rebuild as a model of sustainability. When Greensburg contacted DOE for assistance, the agency sent a team of experts from its National Renewable Energy Laboratory to conduct studies; develop renewable energy and energy efficient business strategies; and assemble financing and ownership options to produce or procure renewable energy technologies. DOE opened an office in Greensburg and helped the city develop and pass a resolution that all large city buildings achieve LEED Platinum certification, the highest green building rating available under the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system. Greensburg is the first city in the United States to pass such a strict green building requirement.

DOE has invested $1.25 million in its assistance to Greensburg, helping the city to design energy efficient buildings and power the entire town with renewable energy. As Kansas has the third-highest potential of any state for wind energy, Greensburg has decided to develop a 3- to 4-megawatt wind energy system, which is expected to produce enough energy over the course of a year to equal the city's electricity needs. While the community will still be connected to the electrical grid, the system will also include backup emergency generators that run on biodiesel. During the current fiscal year, DOE will provide Greensburg with a minimum of $500,000 in additional funding for energy efficient buildings and wind generation technical support. See the DOE press release, the City of Greensburg Web site, and the Greensburg GreenTown Web site.

DOE Offers $60 Million for Concentrating Solar Power Research

DOE announced last week that it will provide up to $60 million for concentrating solar power (CSP) projects that focus on advanced thermal energy storage or heat transfer fluids. The DOE funding will go toward both new research and development projects and demonstrations of technologies already under development. DOE anticipates that 10 to 25 industries or academic institutions will be selected to receive this funding, which will be distributed over the next 5 years. With a mandatory private industry cost share of 20% for research and development, and a 50% cost share for demonstrations, more than $75 million could be invested in these projects. Applications are due by July 10. See the DOE press release and the full solicitation on Grants.gov.



In the 1990s, DOE investigated the use of thermal energy storage at a solar "power tower" demonstration plant near Barstow, California. Called Solar Two, the facility used molten salt as a heat transfer fluid and stored the hot molten salt in a large underground tank. Enlarge this image.
Credit: Warren Gretz


CSP systems collect thermal energy by absorbing and concentrating energy from the sun. Today's largest systems employ either arrays of parabolic mirrors, which focus the sun's heat on an absorber tube carrying a heat transfer fluid, or "heliostats," which are flat mirrors that focus the sun's heat on a thermal absorber mounted to the top of a "power tower," through which a heat transfer fluid is pumped. The parabolic mirrors can also be replaced with linear Fresnel reflectors. In all those cases, the thermal energy captured by the heat transfer fluid is used as a heat source for a boiler, which generates steam to drive a turbine. Dish-shaped mirrors generally focus the sun's heat on a heat engine, but they can also employ a thermal absorber through which a heat transfer fluid is pumped.

Heat transfer fluids with the capacity to store a lot of thermal energy can be combined with thermal energy storage systems to allow such CSP systems to continue operating after the sun has set, helping to meet peak power demands on hot summer evenings. Thermal energy storage also helps CSP plants to operate continuously on partly cloudy days. Because of these advantages, inexpensive thermal energy storage is considered a key technology for making CSP systems cost-competitive by 2020. For more information about CSP, see EERE's Solar Energy Technology Program.

DOE Offers $7.5 Million for Advanced Water Power Technologies

DOE announced on Monday that it will make up to $7.5 million available to U.S. industries and universities to support the research and development of advanced water power systems, including systems that draw on free-flowing water; ocean waves, tides, or currents; and other water-based resources. Technologies that generate power from free-flowing water are often referred to as "hydrokinetic" technologies. Funding is available for industry-led projects involving in-water testing, development, and deployment of advanced water power technologies.

Funding is also available for projects that facilitate the market penetration of marine and hydrokinetic technologies, including projects to assess wave and tidal energy resources, develop international standards for the technologies, investigate issues with electric grid integration, develop best practices for locating projects, and identify and mitigate potential impacts on navigation. Additionally, universities can apply for funding to establish National Marine Renewable Energy Centers, which will serve as integrated, standardized test centers for marine and hydrokinetic technologies. The centers will also serve as information clearinghouses and will conduct research to advance marine and hydrokinetic energy technologies.

The solicitation is part of DOE's effort to establish a program of research, development, demonstration, and commercial application activities to expand the production of renewable energy from marine and hydrokinetic energy technologies. The new effort was authorized by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, which President Bush signed in December. DOE anticipates selecting up to 14 recipients for the in-water testing and market facilitation topics, and up to 3 for the National Marine Renewable Energy Centers. Applications are due on June 16. See the DOE press release and the full solicitation on Grants.gov.

Ohio Requires 25% Renewable or Advanced Energy by 2025

Ohio Governor Ted Strickland approved a bill last week that will require the state's utilities to draw on renewable or advanced energy for 25% of their electricity supply by 2025. Senate Bill 221 requires renewable energy to meet at least half of that requirement, which starts at 0.5% by the end of 2009 and gradually ratchets up to 25% by the end of 2024. So the actual renewable energy requirement starts at 0.25% at the end of 2009 and increases to 12.5% by the end of 2024. The bill defines renewable energy as electricity produced from solar electric systems, wind power, geothermal energy, biomass energy, low-impact hydropower, and fuel cells, regardless of their type and the fuel they use. A small fraction of the renewable energy must come from solar energy, starting at 0.004% of all electricity sales by the end of 2009 and increasing to 0.5% of electricity sales by the end of 2024. At least half of the renewable energy facilities must be located within the state, and renewable energy credits may be used to meet the requirement.

The bill deviates from most state renewable energy requirements by allowing half of the 25% requirement to be met through demand-side management, energy efficiency improvements for customers, and efficiency improvements at existing power plants that increase the plants' generating capacity. It also allows for power produced from customer-located cogeneration systems, which produce both heat and electricity, and from "clean coal" power plants, advanced nuclear power plants, and advanced waste-to-energy plants. Utilities that fail to meet the requirements will have to make payments to the state's advanced energy fund, unless the utility can show that the electricity from renewable or advanced energy sources would cost at least 3% more than electricity from traditional energy sources. The bill also lifts some restrictions on net metering of customer-located power generators and lifts all restrictions on net metering of generators located at hospitals. Net metering is a method of giving credit for power fed into the grid by customers.

While allowing energy efficiency and demand-side management programs to meet a portion of the advanced energy requirement, the bill also establishes separate requirements for energy efficiency and demand-side management. Starting in 2009, utilities will have to implement energy efficiency programs that achieve annual energy savings equal to at least 0.3% of their electricity sales, gradually increasing to 1% of sales for 2014-2018, then doubling to 2% of their sales for 2019-2025. By 2025, this will achieve a cumulative energy savings greater than 22% of today's electricity sales. Utilities will also have to implement demand reduction programs designed to achieve a 1% reduction in peak demand in 2009 and an additional 0.75% reduction each year through 2018. To further encourage such programs, the state's utility commission may approve measures to decouple utility revenues from actual electricity sales, that is, if sales go down because of energy-saving programs, the utility's profits won't suffer. Such "revenue decoupling" measures may also be established for natural gas utilities. Utilities must also report on their greenhouse gas emissions and establish plans to control those emissions. See the governor's press release and the full text of the bill.

Long Island Utility Calls for 50 Megawatts of Solar Power

The Long Island Power Authority (LIPA) released a request for proposals (RFP) on Earth Day that calls for 50 megawatts (MW) of solar power to be installed on Long Island. The solar energy could be produced by one or more developers of solar photovoltaic systems and will be fed into the electrical grid and purchased by LIPA. The project developers will own or lease the solar energy systems and sell the power to LIPA under a long-term contract, so the LIPA offer can serve as a way to receive financing for large solar power systems located on Long Island.

The solar power systems must be located on non-residential property, and each system must be at least 100 kilowatts in capacity. The solar energy project will meet nearly 1% of LIPA's power demand and will be the single largest block of solar energy in New York State. To support the RFP, a proposer's conference will be held on May 12. Proposals are due on June 27, and LIPA expects to provide recommendations for an award to its Board of Trustees during the board's October meeting. See the LIPA press release and RFP.

The LIPA project is one example of the rapid growth of solar power in the United States. According to the Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA), 254 MW of photovoltaic and concentrating solar energy were installed in the United States in 2007. That includes 150 MW of grid-tied photovoltaic systems (systems based on solar cells), bringing the total U.S. grid-tied photovoltaic capacity to 750 MW. See the SEIA press release and full report.

New Jersey Utility Offers $105 Million in Solar Loans

New Jersey's Public Service Electric and Gas Company (PSE&G) is now offering up to $105 million in loans for the installation of solar photovoltaic systems. The New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (BPU) approved the loan package in early April to support the development of 30 megawatts of solar power installations throughout the utility's service area, helping the utility to meet about half of its solar energy requirement for 2009 and 2010. For now, the loans are only available for non-residential customers, but the program will be expanded to residential customers in the future. PSE&G will provide loans to cover roughly 40%-60% of a solar project's costs, offering 10-year loans for residential systems and 15-year loans for non-residential systems. According to PSE&G, the non-residential loans are currently being offered at an interest rate of 11.11%.

The borrower can then repay the loan with cash or with solar renewable energy credits (SRECs), which are created as the solar power systems generate power. Every 1,000 kilowatt-hours of solar generation result in one SREC, which PSE&G will value at the current market price or $475, whichever is higher. The utility's goal is to provide loans for 12 megawatts of solar power at commercial and industrial facilities, 9 megawatts of solar power at municipal and not-for-profit facilities, 6 megawatts of residential solar power, and 3 megawatts of solar power at multi-family and affordable housing units. As of Monday, the loan program had committed to more than 3.1 megawatts of commercial and industrial solar power installations and 330 kilowatts of solar projects at municipal and not-for-profit facilities. See the press releases from the New Jersey BPU (PDF 75 KB) and PSE&G, as well as the PSE&G Solar Loan Program Web page. Download Adobe Reader.

California's Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) is taking another approach to providing its customers with solar power: the utility is paying enXco, Inc. to install a 1-megawatt solar power system, and SMUD's customers can sign up to buy a share of that system. Through the utility's new SolarShares program, customers will pay roughly $5-$30 per month to receive 10%-50% of their power from the solar power system (the utility hasn't released exact cost details yet). The system is being built near Wilton in southern Sacramento County and will be completed in July. According to enXco, the project will be the largest solar power system in the United States that is built to serve voluntary purchases of solar power by a utility's customers. See the press releases from enXco and SMUD (PDF 32 KB), as well as SMUD's "Solar Power for Your Home" Web page.

Energy Connections
Record Oil Prices Spur More Increases in Projected Energy Costs
With crude oil prices reaching $120 per barrel in April, oil prices for 2008 are now expected to average $110 per barrel. DOE's Energy Information Administration (EIA) also projects that oil prices will remain high in 2009, averaging $103 per barrel, up from $92.50 per barrel in last month's forecast. The EIA's "Short-Term Energy Outlook," released yesterday, expects gasoline prices to continue rising in response to the high oil prices, with regular-grade gasoline reaching a peak of $3.73 per gallon in June. The EIA previously expected gasoline prices to peak in spring. Prices for regular gasoline are projected to average $3.66 per gallon for the summer driving season (April through September) and $3.52 per gallon for the year as a whole. Diesel fuel prices are expected to average $3.94 per gallon for 2008, declining to $3.67 per gallon in 2009.

The EIA blames the latest price increases on supply disruptions in Nigeria and the North Sea and warns that the global oil system is operating near its capacity, remaining vulnerable to both actual and perceived supply disruptions. The agency expects crude oil production capacity to increase by early next year, providing some spare capacity to ease the upward pressure on oil prices. Meanwhile, the American Automobile Association's "Daily Fuel Gauge Report" notes that motor fuels again set record prices on May 1, at $3.623 per gallon for regular gasoline and $4.251 per gallon for diesel fuel. See the EIA's "Short-Term Energy Outlook," and for the latest prices on oil and motor fuels, see the New York Mercantile Exchange Web site and the American Automobile Association's "Daily Fuel Gauge Report" Web site.

Given the latest trends, what will the future hold? Shell's latest visit to its crystal ball concludes that the world is facing an unprecedented energy challenge, which the company sums up succinctly as "more energy, less carbon dioxide." The company has developed two scenarios to describe how the future may unfold, the first being "Scramble," in which global policymakers pay little attention to efficient energy use until supplies are tight. The policymakers also avoid addressing greenhouse gas emissions until there are "major climate shocks." The near-term result is a global scramble for energy resources, followed by draconian measures to cut energy use, resulting in severe economic impacts. The second scenario, which Shell describes as "the best hope for a sustainable future," is labeled "Blueprints" and starts with local and regional actions to address energy challenges. These actions eventually link together to form national and international energy policies. Shell declines to say which scenario is more likely, but aspects of both scenarios can be found in recent world energy news. See the Shell scenarios.

This newsletter is funded by DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) and is also available on the EERE Web site. You can subscribe to the EERE Network News using our simple online form, and you can also update your email address, add a subscription to EERE Progress Alerts, or unsubscribe using our "Change My Subscription" page.
If you have questions or comments about this newsletter, please contact the editor, Kevin Eber.

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contributions from Elbert Regacho on a topic i also studied

SUMMER IS TIME FOR OUTINGS AND LOTS OF GATHERINGS. SO A LOT OF COOKING AND BB-Q-ing INSIDE THE HOUSE AND OUT. ....I THOUGHT I FORWARD THIS INFO TO YOU ALL. HAVE FUN AND ENJOY, AND BE SAFE.




Elbert R. Regacho, P.E.

Electrical Engineer

Technical Services Branch

GSA-PBS-5PCT

Phone: (312) 353-7504

Fax: (312) 353-9628
----- Forwarded by Elbert R. Regacho/5PCT/R05/GSA/GOV on 06/04/2008 04:03 PM -----

"Florence T. Cua"
04/17/2008 12:08 PM

To
drit_vvcruz@yahoo.com, plicuanan@yahoo.com, "j gan" , "Rosario Velasquez" , "Leah Tolosa" , "karina milagros cui" , "Maui Arroyo" , "Maria Natalia Dimaano" , "Gloria Despacio-Reyes" , d_chemist01@yahoo.com, "Rigoberto Advincula" , grmco@comcast.net, "Jean ((NIH/NINDS)) [F] Tiong" , "blessie basilia" , "Reynaldo Vea" , "adrian casano" , cgoh@chem.utoronto.ca, "Roberto Ramos" , "Jose Tanchoco" , "Joseph Tan" , jchun@alliancetechgroup.com, "evelyn flordelis" , luli_arroyo@yahoo.com, franco_teves@yahoo.com, mario@mdli.com, "Jessie" , dcrispin@gmail.com, aznhunnee1@aol.com, francis_cua@yahoo.com, "KiM de leon" , "Liberty de Leon" , camachogurl65@yahoo.com, petitexpinay@yahoo.com, janis_qua@yahoo.com, aamorales@gmail.com, ppsaligan@yahoo.com, cynthiapicazo@gmail.com, rosalinda.medinarupel@cliffordchance.com, "Oliver Flores" , "Yoly Ilagan" , "Danilo Romero" , carlo.arcilla@up.edu.ph, "Grace Stanley" , "CHS LSL" , potsypot@yahoo.com, alardi4@yahoo.com, newyork@pcgny.net, "Benito De Lumen" , "Victoria P. AC GARCHITORENA" , "Raymond Tan" , ancilleelvena@yahoo.com, glennmar@shu.edu, "Alvin Culaba" , elbert.regacho@gsa.gov, stephen_cua@yahoo.com, bernardqua@msn.com, "Felixberto Buot" , "Janet Bandows Koster" , "awis cjc" , madelsituico@yahoo.com, ajli@learnlink.emory.edu, pd_alcazar@yahoo.com, cbmuller@mentornet.net, "Edward Christman" , "Carmencita Bengzon-Fajardo" , hr@dls.com.ph, "Carmelito Tatlonghari" , "Hillary R. Clinton" , "Samantha Maltzman" , "Nancy Jacobson" , "Alex Cua"
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Subject
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IMPORTANT: SUGGESTIONS:

GENERATORS, BUILDINGS, COGENERATIONAL ENERGY SOURCES, POWER PLANTS
SHOULD BE EQUIPPED WITH SENSORS AND/OR MONITORS AND/OR ALARMS TO DETECT HAZARDOUS MATERIALS EMISSIONS LIKE GAS BUILDUP OR RADIOLYTIC PRODUCTS BUILDUP IN THE CASE OF RADIATION SOURCES AND SOME FORM OF FIRE RETARDANT THAT IS APROPO LIKE WATER, CARBON DIOXIDE,


http://www.fire-extinguisher101.com/


With so many fire extinguishers to choose from, selecting the proper one for your home can be a daunting task. Everyone should have at least one fire extinguisher at home, but it's just as important to ensure you have the proper type of fire extinguisher. Fire protection experts recommend one for the kitchen, the garage and workshop.
Fire extinguishers are divided into four categories, based on different types of fires. Each fire extinguisher also has a numerical rating that serves as a guide for the amount of fire the extinguisher can handle. The higher the number, the more fire-fighting power. The following is a quick guide to help choose the right type of extinguisher.


Class A extinguishers are for ordinary combustible materials such as paper, wood, cardboard, and most plastics. The numerical rating on these types of extinguishers indicates the amount of water it holds and the amount of fire it can extinguish.
Class B fires involve flammable or combustible liquids such as gasoline, kerosene, grease and oil. The numerical rating for class B extinguishers indicates the approximate number of square feet of fire it can extinguish.
Class C fires involve electrical equipment, such as appliances, wiring, circuit breakers and outlets. Never use water to extinguish class C fires - the risk of electrical shock is far too great! Class C extinguishers do not have a numerical rating. The C classification means the extinguishing agent is non-conductive.
Class D fire extinguishers are commonly found in a chemical laboratory. They are for fires that involve combustible metals, such as magnesium, titanium, potassium and sodium. These types of extinguishers also have no numerical rating, nor are they given a multi-purpose rating - they are designed for class D fires only.


Some fires may involve a combination of these classifications. Your fire extinguishers should have ABC ratings on them.
Here are the most common types of fire extinguishers:


Water extinguishers or APW extinguishers (air-pressurized water) are suitable for class A fires only. Never use a water extinguisher on grease fires, electrical fires or class D fires - the flames will spread and make the fire bigger! Water extinguishers are filled with water and pressurized with oxygen. Again - water extinguishers can be very dangerous in the wrong type of situation. Only fight the fire if you're certain it contains ordinary combustible materials only.
Dry chemical extinguishers come in a variety of types and are suitable for a combination of class A, B and C fires. These are filled with foam or powder and pressurized with nitrogen.
BC - This is the regular type of dry chemical extinguisher. It is filled with sodium bicarbonate or potassium bicarbonate. The BC variety leaves a mildly corrosive residue which must be cleaned immediately to prevent any damage to materials.
ABC - This is the multipurpose dry chemical extinguisher. The ABC type is filled with monoammonium phosphate, a yellow powder that leaves a sticky residue that may be damaging to electrical appliances such as a computer

Dry chemical extinguishers have an advantage over CO2 extinguishers since they leave a non-flammable substance on the extinguished material, reducing the likelihood of re-ignition.
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) extinguishers are used for class B and C fires. CO2 extinguishers contain carbon dioxide, a non-flammable gas, and are highly pressurized. The pressure is so great that it is not uncommon for bits of dry ice to shoot out the nozzle. They don't work very well on class A fires because they may not be able to displace enough oxygen to put the fire out, causing it to re-ignite.




CO2 extinguishers have an advantage over dry chemical extinguishers since they don't leave a harmful residue - a good choice for an electrical fire on a computer or other favorite electronic device such as a stereo or TV.

It is vital to know what type of extinguisher you are using. Using the wrong type of extinguisher for the wrong type of fire can be life-threatening.

These are only the common types of fire extinguishers. There are many others to choose from. Base your selection on the classification and the extinguisher's compatibility with the items you wish to protect.

See our latest articles:
Arson Statistics: Who is setting the fires and how often does arson occur? new
Top Key Tips to Filing a Fire Insurance Claim
Holiday Fire Safety
Fire Safe Cigarettes Save Lives
Understanding Electrical Fire Safety
Wildfire Prevention Tips: Protect your Home and Property
Wood Fire Safety 101



Fire Extinguisher Types | Using a Fire Extinguisher | Firefighting Tips | Fire Hazards
How Fire Extinguishers Work | Resources | Site Map

Liberty Science Center

http://www.lsc.org/aboutus/careers/

Monday, June 2, 2008

Mariculture Development Project in Tawi Tawi itutuloy

http://ftcuamariculture.blogspot.com

http://www.macapagal.com/gma/

NOVA PBS

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/

Students, learn all about Chili Peppers

http://www.google.com/search?client=safari&rls=en&q=chili+peppers&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8

Nuclear Age Peace Foundation

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Issue #131 - June 2008

Over the years, we at The Sunflower have been appreciative of all of the feedback and great responses we have received regarding our articles. Now, we want to give you the chance to have these comments published! Each month we will be selecting comments from our readers to appear in the following month’s newsletter. With a circulation of more than 15,000 subscribers internationally, this is a chance for you to broadcast your thoughts across the world!

Guidelines

1. Submissions should be limited to 100 words or less.

2. Letters should address one of the previous month’s articles.

3. No profanity or inappropriate language.

4. Not all letters will be published.

5. All letters must be submitted by the last Monday of the month.

Please email your letters to rwayman@napf.org.
Perspectives
Nuclear Weapons and Future Justice by David Krieger
Preventing an Arms Race in Outer Space by James Carroll
Simulated Attack Reveals Security Flaws at Livermore by Rachel Hitow
Historical Perspectives
Ten Years of the Bomb by Zia Mian
Ten Years After India's Nuclear Tests: Deeper Into the Morass by M.V. Ramana
Nuclear Proliferation
US and Russia Sign Nuclear Cooperation Agreement
US and Saudi Arabia Plan Nuclear Cooperation
Nuclear Insanity
Uranium Mine in Drinking Water Aquifer Challenged
Nuclear Labs
House Votes Down Amendment to Fund New Nuclear Bombs
Nuclear Energy and Waste
Opposition to Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Increases
International Strides toward Sustainable Energy Start in Berlin
Resources
Rethinking Nuclear Weapons
Trident: What Is It For?
Art Cries Out
American University's Summer 2008 Study Tour in Japan
Foundation Activities
Swackhamer Disarmament Video Contest Closes Soon
Visit Us on Change.org, MySpace and Facebook
Foundation President David Krieger to Receive Alumnus of the Year Award
Senator Feinstein Honored for Nuclear Policy Stance
Foundation Poetry Contest - Enter by July 1
US Leadership Appeal to the Next President
Quotes

Perspectives
Nuclear Weapons and Future Justice
by David Krieger

Future justice requires that the inhabitants of the future be treated justly and equitably. This implies that our current social, economic and political relations, both nationally and internationally, become more just and equitable. It also adds an explicit focus on the longer term consequences of these relations. The decisions taken in the present must be made with a view to their effect upon future generations.

To read more, visit: www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/05/15_krieger_future_justice.php.

Preventing an Arms Race in Outer Space
by James Carroll

As World War I broke out, Henry James identified an inexorable current that had been running below international events, leading to the “monstrous scene” of August “as its grand Niagara.” Below the glassy upriver surface, the swift tide had been driven by habits of mind, arms merchant greed, imperial hubris, and a politics that was wholly inadequate. At the deadly cascade, nations tumbled into the most violent century in history. Writer Jonathan Schell cites the Niagara metaphor to define the still running momentum of war.

To read more, visit: www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/05/12_carroll_paros.php.

Simulated Attack Reveals Security Flaws at Livermore
by Rachel Hitow

A recent mock terrorist infiltration conducted at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), located near San Francisco, showed that fissile material necessary for building nuclear weapons was not hard to obtain. In Building 332, the faux-invaders found access to approximately 2,000 pounds of weapons-grade uranium and deadly plutonium, a surplus bountiful enough to build at least 300 nuclear weapons. The simulated attack also revealed problems with the lab’s hydraulic system which controls the Gatling gun responsible for protecting the facility.

To read more, visit: www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/05/29_hitow_simulated_attack.php.

Historical Perspectives
Ten Years of the Bomb
by Zia Mian

It is 10 years since India and Pakistan went openly nuclear. The dangers of a nuclear South Asia are becoming more and more apparent, yet the governments of the two countries continue to build their arsenals. Both countries continue to produce plutonium for more and more bombs, both countries have been testing new kinds of delivery vehicles and both countries have conducted war games assuming the use of nuclear weapons. The pursuit of nuclear weapons is beginning to take, as elsewhere in the world, a logic of its own. South Asia awaits a strong peace movement that will make the governments of India and Pakistan see reason.

To read more, visit: www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/05/16_mian_10_years.php.

Ten Years After India's Nuclear Tests: Deeper Into the Morass
by M.V. Ramana

Since Pokharan, we have been witness to an opportunistic shift in the stance of the government, from an outright condemnation of nuclear deterrence to an unabated enthusiasm for the development of a full-fledged arsenal.

Hand in hand, expenditures on non-nuclear military activities and acquisition of conventional weapons have also increased dramatically...The impact of these expenditures, of course, falls primarily upon the poor and the vulnerable.

To read more, visit: www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/05/12_ramana_deeper_morass.php.

Nuclear Proliferation
US and Russia Sign Nuclear Cooperation Agreement

On May 6, the United States and Russia signed a bilateral agreement, similar to the proposed deal between the US and India, to share nuclear technology and materials. Commonly referred to as a 123 agreement (section 123 of the US Atomic Energy Act dictates the framework in which nuclear technology and materials can be shared with other countries), this new US-Russian agreement is drawing opposition from arms control experts and Congress.

According to the State Department, the proposed agreement would allow “US and Russian companies to partner in nuclear joint ventures, and by permitting commercial sales of nuclear materials, reactors, and major reactor components by US industry to Russia.” The program would also facilitate cooperation with the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership. Congressman Edward Markey (D-MA) has already drafted a resolution opposing the deal.

According to Ivan Oelrich of the Federation of American Scientists, “There are other, second-order reasons to object to the agreement, mostly for what it fails to do rather than what it does. This could have been an opportunity to increase openness in the Russian plutonium economy, to more cleanly separate Russian military and civilian plutonium inventories, to expand the number of both Russian and American civilian nuclear facilities under IAEA safeguards, and to enhance opportunities for a verifiable Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty. It does none of these things.”

Oelrich goes on to explain that, while the agreement raises concerns, there is little Congress can do to block it. The only way to block the agreement would be for a bill opposing the agreement to pass through both houses of Congress. Since this would be a bill like any other, it would be subject to Presidential veto. If the President vetoed the bill, it would then require a 2/3 vote from Congress to be overridden.

Oelrich, Ivan, “Another Nuclear Trade Deal, This Time with Russia,” FAS Strategic Security Blog, May 20, www.fas.org/blog/ssp/2008/05/another-nuclear-trade-deal-this-time-with-russia.php.

US and Saudi Arabia Plan Nuclear Cooperation

On May 16, the United States and Saudi Arabia released a “Memorandum of Understanding” declaring their intention to develop cooperation on nuclear energy. According to the memorandum, the United States will assist Saudi Arabia in developing nuclear energy for use in “medicine, industry, and power generation.”

For this deal to go forward, the US and Saudi Arabia would have to establish a 123 agreement for nuclear cooperation, and Congress would have to approve it. Under the United States Atomic Energy Act of 1954, such an agreement would have to sit before Congress for 90 days before Congress can approve it. It is unclear whether Congress will be in session for another 90 days in 2008.

During an interview on Democracy Now, Harvey Wasserman, Editor of Nukefee.org, said, “So what the Bush administration is telling us is that this current Saudi government is always going to be in power and it’s perfectly fine for them to have nuclear reactors. We know that India and Pakistan both built nuclear weapons from their commercial atomic power programs, as perhaps did South Africa.”

A recent New York Times editorial commenting on the deal said, “Washington and the other nuclear sellers must find ways to lessen the chances that expanding nuclear energy today will result in more weapons tomorrow.”

“U.S.-Saudi Arabia Memorandum of Understanding on Nuclear Energy Cooperation,” US Department of State Office of the Spokesman, May 16, 2008.

“Nuclear Gold Rush,” New York Times, May 26, 2008.

Nuclear Insanity
Uranium Mine in Drinking Water Aquifer Challenged

Federal judges in Denver say they are surprised the Nuclear Regulatory Commission issued permits to allow a company to leach uranium out of an aquifer that supplies drinking water to thousands of Navajos in New Mexico.

The in-situ process uses chemicals to free uranium from the surrounding ore, allowing it to be pumped out of the ground with water and refined on the surface. Dozens of companies have proposed similar mines around the West.

Citizens groups opposing the mine say the process threatens to pollute ground water. Hydro Resources, Inc. says the process is safe.

Lawyers say it is the first-ever challenge to the NRC’s approval of licenses for an in-situ uranium mining operation.

“Appeals Court Hears Challenge to Uranium Mine,” Associated Press, May 12, 2008.

Nuclear Labs
House Votes Down Amendment to Fund New Nuclear Bombs

On May 22, the House of Representatives defeated an amendment to the Defense Authorization Bill that would restore funding for the Reliable Replacement Warhead (RRW).

Despite Congress eliminating funding for RRW last year, the Department of Energy asked again for at least $10 million in funding for 2009. While the House Armed Services Committee already said earlier this year that no funding would go to RRW, Rep. Steve Pearce (R-NM) offered a floor amendment to restore $10 million for RRW. Of the 144 members of Congress who voted against the amendment, 47 were Republican and 97 were Democrat, signifying bipartisan opposition to the RRW program. Rep. Tom Udall (D-NM) said in a statement that there are “still many unanswered questions about the need for the RRW.”

Also included in the Defense Authorization Bill was funding for nuclear pit manufacturing, life extension programs for the US nuclear arsenal, and a mixed oxide facility.

Coleman, Michael. “Wilson: Pearce Was ‘Stupid’ to Introduce Bill,” Albuquerque Journal, May 25, 2008.

Nuclear Energy and Waste
Opposition to Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Increases

Congressional opposition to the Department of Energy’s Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) program is increasing as new reports continue to emerge calling the program ill-conceived.

On the heels of a report by the Government Accountability Office (GAO), titled “Global Nuclear Energy Partnership: DOE Should Reassess Its Approach to Designing and Building Spent Nuclear Fuel Recycling Facilities,” the House of Representatives cut $6.9 million for GNEP from the Defense Authorization Bill. The Defense Authorization Bill is responsible only for GNEP money marked for nonproliferation use, which is a small portion of the overall money being requested for the program. The House Armed Services Committee finds the “nonproliferation arguments for GNEP unpersuasive” and is “not convinced that GNEP will achieve its stated nonproliferation objectives.” Additionally, the committee expresses concerns regarding “proliferation risks associated with GNEP.”

GNEP is the Department of Energy’s (DOE) plan to resume reprocessing of nuclear waste in the United States. DOE's immediate plans are to build a facility that would reprocess both US and international nuclear waste. The facility would divide nuclear waste into various waste streams. Among those waste streams would be fissile material that could be used in nuclear reactors.

Non-proliferation experts are concerned about GNEP for a number of reasons. The biggest concern relates to the spread of sensitive nuclear technology. By using reprocessing technology to extract plutonium from nuclear waste, a country can build a nuclear bomb. DOE has claimed that GNEP would create a system where states would supply reprocessing services and other states would receive reprocessed fuel, thus limiting the number of countries with reprocessing technology. However, the program is having the opposite effect. For 30 years the US has not engaged in reprocessing of nuclear waste, essentially sending the message “we don’t do it, so you shouldn’t either.” This reversal of policy sends a message to the international community that nuclear reprocessing technology is necessary. The spread of this type of technology would undermine international nonproliferation efforts. Since GNEP was announced, other countries have already expressed interest in reprocessing technology.

Also, GNEP would double the amount of weapons usable fissile material that is shipped around the world, increasing the likelihood that materials could be diverted for use in a nuclear weapon.

In addition to nonproliferation, the GAO report also detailed a number of fiscal concerns. The most prominent of these was that the current proposal for GNEP would “introduce unnecessary costs and technical challenges while creating waste management challenges.” The report also questioned DOE’s plan to build a recycling facility before conducting research and development on a viable form of recycled fuel to be used in reactors.

In the upcoming months, Congress will decide whether funds should be appropriated for reprocessing nuclear waste in the United States.

“Global Nuclear Energy Partnership: DOE Should Reassess Its Approach to Designing and Building Spent Nuclear Fuel Recycling Facilities,” United States Government Accountability Office, April 2008.

International Strides toward Sustainable Energy Start in Berlin

From April 9-11, government representatives from 60 countries met in Berlin to plan for the launch of the new International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). 170 participants came from around the world to discuss the possible activities, objectives, organization, and finance of an agency they hope will make sustainable energy an achievable global goal.

According to a discussion paper produced for the April conference, IRENA came as a result of the “clear lack of activity aimed at supporting governments in their attempt to regulate the application and promotion of renewable energy.”

The goals of the proposed agency are to “provide concrete policy advice and assistance to its members, strengthen the transfer of technology among countries, offer capacity-building assistance, facilitate the financing of renewable energy, stimulate research, and to enhance public information on the potential and opportunities offered by renewable energy.” IRENA will work with its membership, which includes small, large, developing, and industrialized nations, to accelerate the acceptance of renewable energy sources across the globe.

IRENA will focus on multiple forms of renewable energy, including solar, wind, sustainable biomass, tidal and wave, geothermal, hydropower, and other recently developed forms like osmotic energy. The agency will also work to promote energy efficiency and energy saving activities. For many US experts, the concept of renewable energy includes nuclear energy – an association considered to be negative by many nonproliferation experts, who view nuclear energy as inextricably linked to nuclear weapons. As of now, IRENA has not promoted nuclear power.

Among the sixty nations involved in the preparatory conference were France, India, Pakistan, the United Kingdom, and China, all declared nuclear weapon states. The US and Russia, the other two declared nuclear weapons states, did not attend.

“Preparatory Conference for the Foundation of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)” - http://www.irena.org/

Resources
Rethinking Nuclear Weapons

Rethinking Nuclear Weapons is a project to explore the practical realities of nuclear weapons. Based on 25 years of study, the writings reflect conversations with experts dealing with these issues today. Visit the Rethinking Nuclear Weapons website today at www.rethinkingnuclearweapons.org.

Trident: What Is It For?

The Department of Peace Studies at the University of Bradford has released a new report entitled “Trident: What is it for? Challenging the Relevance of British Nuclear Weapons” as part of its Nuclear-Armed Britain program. It examines the relevance of British nuclear deterrent threats to Britain's long-term security and the idea that nuclear weapons provide a form of “insurance” or a guarantee of protection against nuclear threats from other countries.

The report can be read online at www.brad.ac.uk/acad/bdrc/nuclear/trident/briefing2.html.

Art Cries Out

Art Cries Out is a website for artists who create work against war and suffering. Art Cries Out will also be organizing an “Art Against the Bomb” exhibition with participating museums around the world in July and August.

For more information and to view many of these powerful pieces of art, please visit their website at www.artcriesout.com.

American University's Summer 2008 Study Tour in Japan

This course explores Japanese wartime aggression, the human physical devastation wrought by the atomic bombings, current Japanese and international efforts to eliminate nuclear weapons, and the building of closer ties between the peoples of the United States and Japan. Students live and study with Japanese and other Asian students, professors, peace activists and policy experts. Participants meet with atomic bomb survivors and Asian victims of Japanese atrocities and hear first-hand accounts of their experiences. Students also participate in a broad range of Japanese commemorative events and visit peace museums and relevant cultural and historical sites, such as the Kyoto Museum for World Peace, the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum, the Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum and the Radiation Effects Research Foundation. For more information, contact Dr. Peter Kuznick at Kuznick@american.edu or go to http://www.american.edu/cas/hist/nsi/index.cfm.

Foundation Activities
Swackhamer Disarmament Video Contest Closes Soon

The Swackhamer Disarmament Video Contest seeks short videos from people of all ages addressing the following topic: There are about 26,000 nuclear weapons in the world today. Use your creativity to make a short video about why US leadership is necessary to achieve a world free of nuclear weapons.

We are offering cash prizes of $1,000, $750 and $250 to the top three videos. Visit the contest’s YouTube page at www.youtube.com/group/2008Swackhamer to watch the videos that have been submitted so far.

The contest closes on June 16, so don't delay - submit your video today! For more information on the contest, including a full list of rules, please visit our website at www.wagingpeace.org/menu/programs/awards-&-contests/video-contest/2008/index.html.

Visit Us on Change.org, MySpace and Facebook

The Nuclear Age Peace Foundation has recently launched pages on three major social networking sites: Change.org, MySpace and Facebook.

With millions of people of all ages using these sites, the potential for our message to spread is limitless.

If you are a member of any of these sites, please add us to your network and let others know about the work that we are doing.

Foundation President David Krieger to Receive Alumnus of the Year Award

Nuclear Age Peace Foundation President David Krieger will receive Occidental College’s Alumnus of the Year award on Saturday, June 14. Dr. Krieger is being honored for his work to strengthen international law and achieve a world free of nuclear weapons. He co-founded the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation in 1982 and has served as President of the Foundation for over 25 years.

Senator Feinstein Honored for Nuclear Policy Stance

On May 14, Nick Roth, Washington, DC Director of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, together with members of the Alliance for Nuclear Accountability, met with Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) at her office in Washington, DC.

The groups presented her with an award for introducing the Nuclear Policy and Posture Review Act of 2007 (S. 1914), which requires nuclear policy and posture reviews that consider international nuclear disarmament obligations and that incorporate public input where possible. The bill also eliminates funding for the Bush Administration’s proposed new generation of nuclear weapons, the Reliable Replacement Warhead, until these policy and posture reviews are completed.

Addressing S.1914’s impact on a new generation of nuclear weapons, Senator Feinstein said, “It is clear to me that the Bush Administration is trying to reopen the nuclear door by attempting to speed research into this new warhead. A thorough and detailed analysis of nuclear weapons policy and posture is needed before Congress can decide whether to move forward with this program.”

Nickolas Roth said, “Senator Feinstein has been instrumental in persuading Congress to require a much-needed reexamination of US nuclear policy. This kind of leadership is essential in eliminating the role of nuclear weapons in US foreign policy.”

Foundation Poetry Contest - Enter by July 1

The 2008 Barbara Mandigo Kelly Peace Poetry Contest is accepting original, unpublished, English-language poems from people all over the world. The annual contest presents awards to encourage poets to explore and illuminate positive visions of peace and the human spirit.

This year, cash prizes will be awarded to the top poet in three different age groups: adult ($1,000 prize), youth 13-18 ($200 prize) and youth 12 and under ($200 prize).

Judging will be done by a committee of poets selected by the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation. For a complete list of rules and instructions, visit:
www.wagingpeace.org/menu/programs/awards-&-contests/bmk-contest/bmk_2008_flyer.pdf.

US Leadership Appeal to the Next President

People from all over the world continue to enthusiastically support the Foundation's Appeal to the Next US President, calling for US leadership for a nuclear weapons-free world.

We are aiming to get a million signatures on the Appeal before the next President takes office in January 2009.

Please sign the Appeal today at www.wagingpeace.org/appeal, and be sure to let your family and friends know about this opportunity as well.

Quotes

“I speak of peace because of the new face of war. Total war makes no sense in an age when great powers can maintain large and relatively invulnerable nuclear forces and refuse to surrender without resort to those forces. It makes no sense in an age when a single nuclear weapon contains almost ten times the explosive force delivered by all the allied air forces in the Second World War. It makes no sense in an age when the deadly poisons produced by a nuclear exchange would be carried by wind and water and soil and seed to the far corners of the globe and to generations yet unborn.”

-- President John F. Kennedy, Commencement address at American University, June 10, 1963.


“I believe we must also address nuclear testing. As President, I will pledge to continue America’s current moratorium on testing, but also begin a dialogue with our allies, and with the US Senate, to identify ways we can move forward to limit testing in a verifiable manner that does not undermine the security or viability of our nuclear deterrent. This would include taking another look at the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty to see what can be done to overcome the shortcomings that prevented it from entering into force. I opposed that treaty in 1999, but said at the time I would keep an open mind about future developments.”

-- Senator John McCain, University of Denver, May 29, 2008.


“The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty is a critical non-proliferation tool. US ratification is also essential to restoring American leadership in this area, and more broadly. As President, I will work to build the bipartisan support that would be needed to get it approved and ratified. As part of that, I will continue vigorous support for stewardship programs for our existing arsenal to ensure that the arsenal is safe, secure, and reliable.”

-- Senator Hillary Clinton, Response to Seven Key National Security Questions from a Council for a Livable World Survey, August 16, 2007.


“As President, I will make it my priority to build bipartisan consensus behind ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. In the meantime, the least we can do is fully pay our contribution to the CTBTO [Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization].”

-- Senator Barack Obama, Responses to Seven Key National Security Questions from a Council for a Livable World Survey, August 16, 2007.

Editorial Team

Rachel Hitow
David Krieger
Nick Roth
Vicki Stevenson
Rick Wayman


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